Durban Early Detection and Rapid Response

Formosa Lily Lilium formosanum

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Common Name
Formosa Lily
CARA Category 3

This bulbous plant has stems up to 2.5m high and is purplish-brown towards the base and usually rough and hairy. The leaves are narrow, dark, green and shiny, and scattered along the stem. They are linear to narrowly oblong in shape and up to 1mm wide and 200mm long. Fragrant, narrowly funnel shaped flowers are white, flushed with reddish-purple outside and white inside. Flowering occurs between January and March. Fruits are in capsules up to 90mm long. It belongs to the Liliaceae family and originates from Asia.

Why is it a problem?
It competes with, and has the potential to replace, indigenous species.
Control method
Formosa Lily should be dug out, but the bulb and any small bulbils forming around the old bulb should be removed and disposed of safely (by burning or deep burial). There are no herbicides registered for these plants. There is currently no biological control.
Where is it a problem?
This is found in the Eastern Cape, KZN, Gauteng, Mpumalanga and Limpopo provinces.

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